CBD has quickly become a popular product within the health industry. Here are ten facts about CBD that you may not know:
1. CBD can be obtained from both hemp and marijuana.
A common misconception is that CBD is only obtained from hemp. This might be because CBD is only considered legal in the US if derived from hemp. Yet CBD canbe extracted from both marijuana and hemp. However, marijuana is mostly grown for its THC and hemp for its CBD.
2. CBD oil is not the same as hemp oil.
“Hemp oil” is often used to describe CBD oil or hemp seed oil, but these are different from each another. Although CBD oil is typically derived from hemp, it is different from hemp oil. CBD oil comes from the flowers of the hemp or marijuana plant, while hemp oil comes from the seeds of the hemp plant (only).
3. CBD is CBD, irrespective of source.
CBD obtained from hemp and marijuana are, at the molecular level, the same. On a molecular level, CBD from hemp is the same as CBD from marijuana—hemp is used to derive CBD in the US so the THC content can be easily controlled (i.e., kept to a minimum). Just like vitamin C, whether your body gets it from a lemon or an orange, it'll use it the same way.
4. CBD is psychoactive, but won't get you high.
You might have already come across the statement somewhere that, "CBD is non-psychoactive, unlike THC." This is technically incorrect. CBD is psychoactive; it just doesn't get you high like THC. What most people mean when they describe CBD as non-psychoactive is that it doesn't cause the euphoric effects of THC, aka "getting high."
5. CBD can neutralize the effects of THC.
THC can cause side effects like nausea, vomiting, anxiety, increased pain sensation, paranoia, etc. Fortunately, research shows that CBD can offer a counterbalancing effect to these negative aspects of THC. So in effect, CBD helps alleviate or "neutralize" some of the more unpleasant effects of THC.
6. CBD works best in combination with other cannabinoids.
Taking CBD with other cannabis compounds can enhance its effects. This is known as the "entourage effect." Shimon Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam first discovered this in 1998. They found that a combination of all the compounds in cannabis, including CBD, provides a more powerful effect than CBD alone. In other words, full-spectrum CBD offers a more powerful effect than CBD in isolation (aka "isolate").
7. Animals also respond to CBD.
One of the most significant milestones in the study of cannabis is the discovery of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). Researchers also found out that humans are not the only ones with an ECS. Cats, dogs, and many other animals also have an ECS and cannabis has the same effects on them as on humans. This discovery gave rise to the CBD market for pets. CBD can help pets with various issues like nausea, anxiety, pain, and inflammation without getting them intoxicated.
8. You cannot overdose with CBD.
According to the National Cancer Institute, "Because cannabinoid receptors, unlike opioid receptors, are not located in the brainstem areas controlling respiration, lethal overdoses from cannabis and cannabinoids do not occur." Even though you cannot overdose on CBD, you should avoid taking unnecessarily high doses, as you might experience mild side effects.
9. CBD can help with addiction.
Scientists have discovered that CBD can inhibit the addictive effects of painkillers like morphine. In one study, cigar smokers were able to reduce the number of cigars they smoked by more than 40% by using CBD to quell their addiction.
10. CBD is federally legal, provided it's derived from hemp.
The passing of the 2018 Farm Bill made CBD legal on a federal level, as long as it is extracted from industrial hemp. For a cannabis plant to be considered industrial hemp, it must contain no more than 0.3% THC. Any more than that and the plant must be considered marijuana.